Corns are hardened bumps, normally found on the top or on the side of the toes. Hard skin on the bottom of the feet are called callouses, or you may have a plugged sweat gland or wart. Corns are typically small and circular and have either hard or soft centers. Hard corns are generally found on the more firm areas of the foot, while soft corns are typically found in areas prone to be more moist, such as in between the toes.
You may have a corn if you notice a raised, hardened bump on your foot, skin that is dry and flaky or waxy, and feel pain or tenderness underneath the skin. There are many factors that play into why a person may develop a corn. Certain factors include wearing shoes or socks that are too tight, regularly walking barefoot or not wearing socks often, old age, or repeatedly jogging or exercising in a certain way that causes friction. Having other foot-related complications, such as a hammertoe or a bunion, can increase your risk of developing a corn.
To help prevent the formation of corns, it’s recommended that you wash your feet daily with soap, water, and a scrubbing brush. It’s also useful to wear shoes that leave your toes with plenty of space, as well as cutting your nails straight across and not digging into the sides. Without certain footwear or lifestyle changes, it’s likely for a corn to develop again.
Do not use medicated corn pads for your corns and callouses, they consist of acid that burns through the skin, and do not treat the problem.
If your corn is extremely painful or if you have diabetes or poor circulation, we recommend you seek professional help. The way corns are removed is by removing the underlying bone. Call our office to have your corns evaluated. We will take x-rays and evaluate your corn, and inform you if conservative treatment is adequate to treat the corn, or if removal of the underlying bone is necessary.